Four Freedoms 🇳🇱🇺🇸 work in progress

Reference Page


- Priscilla F. Harmanus -

All hyperlinks which lead to a different web site are in this pretty green or blue color: sample link 

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/plain/COPYING a b Torvalds, Linus. "COPYING". kernel.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013Also note that the only valid version of the GPL as far as the kernel is concerned is _this_ particular version of the license (ie v2, not v2.2 or v3.x or whatever), unless explicitly otherwise stated https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/Historic/old-versions/RELNOTES-0.01 a b Linus Torvalds (2000-09-08). "Linux-2.4.0-test8". lkml.iu.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-21The only one of any note that I'd like to point out directly is the clarification in the COPYING file, making it clear that it's only _that_particular version of the GPL that is valid for the kernel. This should not come as any surprise, as that's the same license that has been there since 0.12 or so, but I thought I'd make that explicit


Open Design Circuits • Copyright © 1998 Reinoud Lamberts, all rights reserved. » http://circu.its.tudelft.nl/ 

EFF: Torvalds, Stallman, Simons Win 1998 Pioneer Awards • http://w2.eff.org/awards/pioneer/1998.php » (Archived from the original) » https://www.eff.org/nl/pioneer/past-winners


Moglen, E. (1999). Anarchism triumphant: Free software and the death of copyright. First Monday4(8). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v4i8.684

Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution 1st Edition • January 1999 • 1-56592-582-3, 280 pages,  O'Reilly Media. https://www.oreilly.com/openbook/opensources/book/


FREE FOR ALL. Copyright © 2000 by Peter Wayner. Some Rights Reserved.See front cover Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Wayner, Peter, 1964– Free for all : how Linux and the free software movement undercut the high-tech titans / Peter Wayner. p. cm. ISBN 0-06-662050-3 1. Linux. 2. Operating systems (Computers) 3. Free computer software. I. Title. QA76.76.063 W394 2000 005.4'469—dc21 00-023919 00 01 02 03 04 ❖/RRD 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 http://wayner.org/books/ffa/ffa-2002-12-13-mod.pdf


Quick Reference For Choosing a Free Software License written in 2001 and 2002 by Zooko;

The History of the GNU General Public License • page created by Li-Cheng (Andy) Tai, atai@atai.org,  July 4, 2001 • https://www.free-soft.org/gpl_history/


Make Your Open Source Software GPL-Compatible. Or Else. by David A. Wheeler Released 2002-05-06, revised 2014-02-16 https://dwheeler.com/essays/gpl-compatible.html  Maak Uw Open Source Software GPL-Compatibel. Of Anders. | Essays by David A. Wheeler | Wiki | Digitale overheid | Cyberspace & Cybercrime | Cybersecuritygap.com https://cybersecuritygap.com/digitale-overheid/wiki/dwheeler-com/essays/gpl-compatible/

Quick Reference For Choosing a Free Software License by Zooko O'Whielacronx Last modified: Tue Jun 25 00:40:59 ADT 2002 http://zooko.com/license_quick_ref.html

MinBZK.nl - Project Kiezen op Afstand gaat verder » http://www.minbzk.nl/persoonsgegevens_en/kiezen_op_afstand/persberichten/project_kiezen_op · 2002/06/25

MinBZK.nl - Kabinet maakt weg vrij voor experimenten Kiezen op Afstand » http://www.minbzk.nl/persoonsgegevens_en/kiezen_op_afstand/persberichten/kabinet_maakt_weg · 2002/11/05


Linus Torvalds and Alan Cox: Open Letter to the European Parliament » https://effi.org/patentit/patents_torvalds_cox.html · 2003/09/21

Linus Torvalds and Alan Cox: Please say no for software patents » http://www.effi.org/julkaisut/tiedotteet/pressrelease-2003-09-22.html · 2003/09/22

The GPL Is a License, not a Contract [LWN.net] December 3, 2003 By Pamela Jones, Editor of Groklaw https://lwn.net/Articles/61292/

Valimaki, M.: Dual Licensing in Open Source Software Industry. Systemes d’Information et Management 8(1), 63–75 (2003) MathSciNet Google Scholar [PDF] psu.edu This article was published in Systemes d´Information et Management, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 63-75, 2003 Dual Licensing in Open Source Software Industry. The author wishes to thank Michael Olsen of Sleepycat Software Inc., Tonje Sund of TrollTech AS and Mårten Mickos of MySQL AB for kindly providing information on their companies and the participants of Free Software Business mailing list fsb@crynwr.com for fruitful email exchange discussing an earlier version of this paper. http://old.hiit.fi/files/admin/sab/SAB04/material/DE/30_Valimaki%20-%20dual_licensing.pdf

OPUS 4 | Open source as a signalling device : an economic analysis http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/3671


https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Gmail Gmail. (2019, September 3). Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. Retrieved 03:40, February 27, 2021 from https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Gmail&oldid=3568052.

MySQL Licensing Policy » http://www.mysql.com/company/legal/licensing/ · Version 4.1, 12 March 2004

MySQL Open Source License » http://www.mysql.com/company/legal/licensing/opensource-license.html · Version 4.1, 12 March 2004 » Our software is 100% GPL (General Public License); if yours is 100% GPL compliant, then you have no obligation to pay us for the licenses. This is a great opportunity for the open source community and those of you who are developing open source software. The formal terms of the GPL license can be found in the GNU General Public License section of the MySQL Reference Manual. Please note that the General Public License can be restrictive, so if it doesn't meet your needs, you are better served by our Commercial License

  • FOSS Exception. We have created a license exception which enables Free and Open Source software ("FOSS") to be able to include the GPL-licensed MySQL client libraries despite the fact that not all open source licenses are compatible with the GPL.Read more about the exception.

MySQL Manual | G GNU General Public License » http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/GPL_license.html · © 1995-2004 MySQL AB. All rights reserved.

MySQL Commercial License » http://www.mysql.com/company/legal/licensing/commercial-license.html · Version 4.1, 12 March 2004

MinBZK.nl - Experimenten bij verkiezing leden van het Europees Parlement » http://www.minbzk.nl/grondwet_en/verkiezingen/inspringthema_s/kiezen_op_afstand/persberichten/experimenten_bij · 2004/06/17

Ososs - Programma Open Standaarden en Open Source Software voor de overheid » http://www.ososs.nl/article.jsp?article=9698 · 2004/06/21

Stemdienst kiezen op afstand openbaar - Os OSS (VAN OVERHEID TOT FINANCIEN) » http://www.ososs.nl/stemdienst-kiezen-op-afstand-openbaar/ 2004 · Software van de stemdienst Kiezen op Afstand nu open source » Het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK) heeft van 1 tot en met 10 juni 2004 een experiment gehouden waarbij kiezers vanuit het buitenland per internet en telefoon konden stemmen voor de verkiezing van de leden van het Europees Parlement (meer informatie over over dit experiment vindt u in dit artikel). Voor dit experiment heeft het ministerie van BZK door LogicaCMG een stemdienst laten ontwikkelen en daarbij het intellectueel eigendom verworven van alle specifiek voor deze stemdienst ontwikkelde programmatuurDe programmatuur wordt nu dus aangeboden onder de GPLDat betekent dat iedereen die dat wil deze software kan downloaden, bekijken en gebruiken. Bij de keuze voor het open source maken van deze stemsoftware was het belangrijkste argument 'transparantie'. Een overheid die burgers een nieuwe faciliteit biedt om te stemmen, kan door openheid van zaken te geven over de werking van de software het gebruik daarvan wellicht stimuleren. Burgers zelf – of belangenorganisaties – kunnen zo controleren of de software echt datgene doet wat het zou moeten doen. Ook is het de bedoeling dat toekomstige ontwikkelingen aan deze software - die met overheidsgeld is gemaakt - beschikbaar blijven voor de overheid en andere belanghebbenden » url · https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_relicensing ...

PriceWaterhouseCoopers, Rethinking the European ICT Agenda, Report for The Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs (Aug. 2004), //available at //http://www.ez.nl/dsresource?objectid=62435&type=PDF ……………35n


  • 46. PriceWaterhouseCoopers, Rethinking the European ICT Agenda, Report for The Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs (Aug. 2004), //available at // http://www.ez.nl/dsresource?objectid=62435&type=PDF.
  • VI. NOTABLE ANALYSES HAVE NOTED THE RISKS POSED BY SOFTWARE PATENTS. Experts from around the globe repeatedly have concluded that software patents are not good for progress, innovation, or the economy:


  • Report for The Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs: “There are particular threats to the European ICT industry such as the current discussion on the patent on software. The mild regime of IP protection in the past has led to a very innovative and competitive software industry with low entry barriers. A software patent, which serves to protect inventions of a non-technical nature, could kill the high innovation rate.”46


Software patents -- keep protesting - Tue, 23 Nov 2004  http://www.dwheeler.com/blog/2004/11/23/ David A. Wheeler's Blog - Linus Torvalds (lead developer of the Linux kernel), Michael Widenius (lead for MySQL) and Rasmus Lerdorf (lead for PHP) have written an appeal to the EU Council against software patents in Europe. http://nosoftwarepatents.com/en/m/intro/app0411.html Appeal to the EU Council by Linus Torvalds, Michael Widenius and Rasmus Lerdorf 23 November 2004 Appeal to EU Council by Linus Torvalds, Michael Widenius, Rasmus Lerdorf >> joint statement >> press release European Open-Source Luminaries Appeal to EU Council Against Software Patents European nationals who created Linux, MySQL and PHP issue joint statement on www.NoSoftwarePatents.com ahead of EU Council meeting – "The proposed software patent directive is deceptive, dangerous, and democratically illegitimate" Munich, Germany (23 November 2004). The three most famous European authors of open-source software have issued an appeal against software patents on NoSoftwarePatents.com. Linus Torvalds (Linux), Michael Widenius (MySQL) and Rasmus Lerdorf (PHP) urge the EU Council, which will convene later in the week, not to adopt a draft directive on software patents that they consider "deceptive, dangerous, and democratically illegitimate". They also call on the Internet community to express solidarity by placing NoSoftwarePatents.com links and banners on many Web sites.

Appeal to the Council by Linus Torvalds, Michael Widenius🇳🇱 and Rasmus Lerdof | No Software Patents! » http://www.nosoftwarepatents.com/en/m/intro/app0411.html · 2004/11/23

The UK Stake in the European Patent Crisis - Freedom Now » http://emoglen.law.columbia.edu/blog/columns/lu/lu-45.html · 2004/11/24


Carver, Brian W., Share and Share Alike: Understanding and Enforcing Open Source and Free Software Licenses (April 5, 2005). Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 20, No. 443, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1586574

Carver, B. (2005). Share and Share Alike: Understanding and Enforcing Open Source and Free Software Licenses. Berkeley Technology Law Journal, 20(1), 443-481. Retrieved February 21, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/24117523 and https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1586574

Producing Open Source Software - How To Run a Successful Free Software Project - Copyright © 2005-2019 Karl Fogel, under the CreativeCommons Attribution-ShareAlike (4.0) license. Version: 2.3198 https://producingoss.com/en/index.html

CC in Review: Lawrence Lessig on Compatibility - Creative Commons Lawrence Lessig November 30, 2005 https://creativecommons.org/2005/11/30/ccinreviewlawrencelessigoncompatibility/

    Paapst, M.H. (2005). Openbaarheid door open source. Scriptie Opleiding Recht en ICT, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.


    LKML: Linus Torvalds: Re: GPL V3 and Linux - Dead Copyright Holders Fri, 27 Jan 2006 20:33:04 -0500 (EST) from Linus Torvalds <>On Thu, 26 Jan 2006, Marc Perkel wrote: https://lkml.org/lkml/2006/1/27/339 

    Krowne, A., & Puzio, R. (2006). The fog of copyleftFirst Monday11(7). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v11i7.1368

    Groklaw - Creative Commons License Upheld by Dutch Court - Thursday, March 16 2006 @ 06:05 AM EST - http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20060316052623594

    Understanding Open Source Software Licensing German, D.M.: Using software distributions to understand the relationship among free and open source software projects. In: 4th International Workshop on Mining Software Repositories (MSR 2006) (2007) Google Scholar

    Krowne, A., & Puzio, R. (2006). The fog of copyleft. First Monday11(7). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v11i7.1368 https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1368

    GREG R. VETTER∗ Exit and Voice in Free and Open Source Software Licensing: Moderating the Rein over Software Users 2006 https://www.law.uh.edu/faculty/gvetter/documents/Vetter.Exit&Voice.in.FOSS.Licensing,85.Oregon.L.Rev.183.(2006).pdf


    1. ^ "MySQL changes license to avoid GPLv3"Computer business review online. 4 January 2007. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007.

    Kaj Arnö’s blog » Blog Archive » MySQL refines its GPL licensing scheme under MySQL 5.0 and MySQL 5.1 • http://www.planetmysql.org/kaj/?p=81 » MySQL has today refined its licensing scheme from “GPLv2 or later” to “GPLv2 only“, in order to make it an option, not an obligation for the company to move to GPLv3.

    Empirical study of the effects of open source adoption on software development economics. Journal of Systems and Software, 80(9):1517–1529, Sep. 2007. Ajila, S. and Di Wu.  J. Syst. Softw. 80 (2007): 1517-1529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2007.01.011 / https://www.cs.upc.edu/~cayala/Papers/OSS-SLR-Hauge-Ayala2010.pdf

    Van Drukken: broncode internetstemmen » https://vandrukken.blogspot.com/2006/10/broncode-internetstemmen.html · 2006/10/07

    MySQL AB: MySQL AB FLOSS License Exception (2007), http://www.mysql.com/company/legal/licensing/foss-exception.html (accessed December 2007)

    Douglas A. Hass, A Gentlement's Agreement: Assessing the GNU General Public License and its Adaptation to Linux, 6 Chi. -Kent J. Intell. Prop. 213 (2007). Available at: http://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/ckjip/vol6/iss2/6

    The Netherlands in Open Connection An action plan for the use of Open Standards and Open Source Software � in the public and semi-public sector - 2007/09 • The Hague • Published by the Ministry of Economic Affairs. • Directorate-General for Energy and Telecommunications » http://www.whitehouse.gov/files/documents/ostp/opengov_inbox/nl-in-open-connection.pdf

    Maintaining Permissive-Licensed Files in a GPL-Licensed Project: Guidelines for Developers - Software Freedom Law Center •  2007/09/27 • http://www.softwarefreedom.org/resources/2007/gpl-non-gpl-collaboration.html » The term "dual licensing" is most properly used to refer to giving the recipient a choice of being a licensee under "license A" or "license B". Unfortunately, the term is also commonly used to describe different kinds of licensing arrangements. Some FOSS developers regard a dual licensing notice as a kind of meta-license giving the ...

    FOSS Open Content/List of Acronyms. (2007, November 5). Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. Retrieved 19:58, February 22, 2021 from https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=FOSS_Open_Content/List_of_Acronyms&oldid=1021585.

    Adrienne K. Goss, Codifying a Commons: Copyright, Copyleft, and the Creative Commons Project, 82 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 963 (2007). Available at: https://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/cklawreview/vol82/iss2/24

    Adrienne K. Goss, Codifying a Commons: Copyright, Copyleft, and the Creative Commons Project, 82 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 963 (2007).
    Available at: https://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/cklawreview/vol82/iss2/24

    Torvalds, L.: Note to the GNU General Public License. (COPYING file in the Linux kernel version 2.6.23) (accessed December 2007) Google Scholar



    A Legal Issues Primer for Open Source and Free Software Projects - Software Freedom Law Center • 2008/06/04 • Version 1.5.2 • Richard Fontana · Bradley M. Kuhn · Eben Moglen · Matthew Norwood · Daniel B. Ravicher · Karen Sandler · James Vasile · Aaron Williamson » https://softwarefreedom.org/resources/2008/foss-primer.html » The GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2), is the most widely used FOSS license. Prior to 2007, GPLv2 was the only license in common use that implemented a strong copyleft. In 2007 the FSF published GPL version 3 (GPLv3), the first update of the GPL since 1991.

    Hancock, T. (2008). Copyleft has no impact on project activity?! Free Software Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.freesoftwaremagazine.com/columns/copyleft_has_no_impact_project_activity

    An open response to Chris Frey regarding GFDL 1.3 — Free Software Foundation — Working together for free software by Richard Stallman — Published on Dec 03, 2008 05:28 PM https://www.fsf.org/licensing/2008-12-fdl-open-letter

    Lindsay, C. (2008). The Trouble with Girl Talk. Exclaim. Retrieved from http://exclaim.ca/Interviews/FromTheMagazine/trouble_with_girl_talk/?


    German D.M., González-Barahona J.M. (2009) An Empirical Study of the Reuse of Software Licensed under the GNU General Public License. In: Boldyreff C., Crowston K., Lundell B., Wasserman A.I. (eds) Open Source Ecosystems: Diverse Communities Interacting. OSS 2009. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol 299. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02032-2_17 or http://turingmachine.org/~dmg/papers/dmg2009_oss_gpl.pdf https://rdcu.be/cfUQB

    Copenhaver, Karen, & . "Collaboration Among Counsel Celebrating the Formation of a Community of Lawyers for the Advancement of Understanding of Free and Open Source Licensing and Business Models." Journal of Open Law, Technology & Society [Online], 1.1 (2009): 53 - 62. Web. 2 Mar. 2021  COPENHAVER, Karen Faulds; , . Collaboration Among Counsel Celebrating the Formation of a Community of Lawyers for the Advancement of Understanding of Free and Open Source Licensing and Business Models. Journal of Open Law, Technology & Society, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 53 - 62, july 2009. ISSN 2666-8106. Available at: <https://www.jolts.world/index.php/jolts/article/view/7/18>. Date accessed: 02 mar. 2021.

    Achter de schermen. Een verkennend onderzoek naar downloaders van kinderporno (2009). A. van Wijk, A. Nieuwenhuis en A. Smeltink (Bureau Beke, Arnhem). Verkenningen 45 » https://bureaubeke.nl/publicaties/achter_de_schermen/ » Auteurs Anton van Wijk, Annemiek Nieuwenhuis en Angeline Smeltink • Uitgave Bekereeks, 2009 • ISBN 978 90 75116 56 4 • Voor dit verkennend onderzoek heeft Bureau Beke samengewerkt met De Waag, het centrum voor ambulante forensische psychiatrie van de Van der Hoeven Stichting. Bij De Waag willen wij de volgende personen danken: Joan van Horn en Jules Mulder voor hun bereidheid tot samenwerken en Ruud Bullens die als externe referent is opgetreden. Daarnaast zijn we de geïnterviewde experts erkentelijk voor het delen van hun kennis met ons. Ook andere mensen hebben bijgedragen aan dit onderzoek en zijn een woord van dank verschuldigd. Bij het KLPD zijn dat Chris Groeneveld en Eric Kuijl en bij Bureau Beke zijn het de collega’s Ilse van Leiden, Hilda Lubbers en Agnes Cornelissens voor hun hulp bij de literatuursearch en/of het houden en uitwerken van de interviews. Tot slot, maar zeker niet in de laatste plaats, bedanken wij de volgende leden van de leescommissie voor hun waardevolle opmerkingen: Peter Reijnders (landelijk projectleider Verbeterprogramma Aanpak Kinderporno), Dave van der Sluis (adviseur Programma Aanpak Cybercrime), Jack Wever (Nederlands Politie Instituut) en Frits Vlek (Programma Politie & Wetenschap). Politie en Wetenschap https://www.politieenwetenschap.nl/publicatie/pw_verkenningen/2009/achter-de-schermen-57/

    D. M. German and A. E. Hassan, "License integration patterns: Addressing license mismatches in component-based development," 2009 IEEE 31st International Conference on Software Engineering, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2009, pp. 188-198, doi: 10.1109/ICSE.2009.5070520. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSE.2009.5070520 License Integration Patterns: Dealing with Licenses Mismatches in Component-Based Development Daniel M. German Department of Computer Science University of Victoria... http://turingmachine.org/~dmg/papers/dmg2009_icse_licenses_preliminary.pdf https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5070520

    Letter to Commissioner Neelie Kroes | Oracle should not be permitted to acquire its competitor, MySQL » October 19, 2009 »  https://www.keionline.org/sites/default/files/ec_letter_mysql_oct19.pdf » James Love and Malini Aisola, Knowledge Ecology International (KEI) Richard Stallman Jim Killock, Open Rights Group (ORG) cc: Philip Lowe, Director General Competition, European Commission, DG Competition

    Monty says: Press release concerning Oracle/Sun | FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 🇳🇱» 2009/10/19 » http://monty-says.blogspot.com/2009/10/press-release-concerning-oraclesun.html 🇪🇺» MYSQL FOUNDER OUTLINES SOLUTION: INSTEAD OF LETTING SUN SUFFER, ORACLE SHOULD SELL MYSQL (ORCL, JAVA) • Michael 'Monty' Widenius says European Commission is "absolutely right to be concerned" about proposed merger between Oracle Corporation [ORCL] and Sun Microsystems [JAVA], nominates award-winning EU strategist to support the proceeding. •  Tuusula, Finland, 19 October 2009 -- 🇳🇱Michael 'Monty' Widenius, the creator of open source database MySQL and founder of the namesake company later acquired by Sun, today suggested Oracle should resolve antitrust concerns over its US$7.4 billion acquisition of Sun by committing to sell MySQL to a suitable third party. The proposed takeover has not yet been consummated because it is being investigated in depth by the European Commission as well as competition authorities in several other jurisdictions.

    "Apache License, Version 2.0"Various Licenses and Comments about ThemFree Software FoundationArchived from the original on 16 July 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2009.

    Wittow, M. & Pearlman, J. (2009). How Using Open-Source Software Can Affect Your Company's Value. CIO. Retrieved from http://www.cio.com/article/511115/How_Using_Open_Source_Software_Can_Affect_Your_Company_s_Value

    FOSS Network Infrastructure and Security/Glossary. (2009, June 3)Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. Retrieved 17:39, February 22, 2021 from https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=FOSS_Network_Infrastructure_and_Security/Glossary&oldid=1517310.

    The CodePlex Foundation; Why is Microsoft founding it? - Monty says: 2009-09 » http://monty-says.blogspot.com/2009_09_01_archive.html · 2009/09/13

    Monty says: Press release concerning Oracle/Sun » http://monty-says.blogspot.com/2009/10/press-release-concerning-oraclesun.html · 2009/10/19

    Dear Commissioner Kroes, Oracle should not be permitted to acquire its competitor, MySQL » https://www.keionline.org/sites/default/files/ec_letter_mysql_oct19.pdf · 2009/10/19

    paginatitel » ftp://ftp.askmonty.org/secret/COMP_M.5529_Req_to_protect_disruptive_innovation.pdf ·

    Groklaw - Reasons I Believe the Community Should Support the Oracle-Sun Deal - Updated 3Xs » http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20091021164738392 · 2009/10/21

    Oracle-Sun-EC-opinion.pdf » https://www.softwarefreedom.org/resources/2009/Oracle-Sun-EC-opinion.pdf · 2009/11/19

    Oracle-Sun-EC-petition.pdf » https://www.softwarefreedom.org/resources/2009/Oracle-Sun-EC-petition.pdf · 2009/12/04 Karen and Bradley discuss Eben Moglen's letter to the European Commission regarding the Oracle acquisition of Sun.

    Groklaw - Monty Program AB's Suggestion to EU Commission to Get Rid of the GPL on MySQL - Updated » http://www.groklaw.net/article.php?story=20091208104422384 · 2009/12/08

    The European Commission and Oracle-Sun - Freedom Now » http://emoglen.law.columbia.edu/blog/cases/oracle-sun/ec-hearing-and-after.html · 2009/12/04

    Sun, Oracle and the European Union - Oggcast - Software Freedom Law Center 2009/12/08 http://www.softwarefreedom.org/podcast/2009/dec/08/0x1C/ Karen and Bradley discuss Eben Moglen's letter to the European Commission regarding the Oracle acquisition of Sun.


    Stallman, R. (2010). What is Copyleft? GNU Operating System. Retrieved from https://www.gnu.org/copyleft/

    Paapst, Mathieu (2010) 'Affirmative action in procurement for open standards and FLOSS', IFOSS L. Rev., 2(2), pp 181 – 190 DOI: 10.5033/ifosslr.v2i2.41

    Jaeger, Till, Enforcement of the GNU GPL in Germany and Europe, 1 (2010) JIPITEC 34, para. 1. 

    Kimathi, M. (2010). Pros And Cons Of Copyleft Content. Streetdirectory. Retrieved from http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/140782/advertising/pros_and_cons_of_copyleft_content.html

    http://ec.europa.eu/competition/ecn/brief/04_2010/com_ho.pdf • European Commission appoints new Hearing Officer for Competition Cases 🇳🇱» As of 16 September 2010, Prof. Dr. Wouter P.J. Wils has joined Michael Albers as Hearing Officer for competition cases. The latter was appointed as Hearing Officer in 2008. Both Hearing Officers are invested by the Commission with independent decision-making powers, are not members of the Directorate General for Competition and report directly to the Commissioner for Competition, Joaquín Almunia. European Commission Vice President and Commissioner for Competition Joaquin Almunia, said: "I am pleased that the Commission has appointed a senior official with such strong credentials for the job. Given his outstanding experience in competition enforcement both inside and outside the Commission, independent thinking as an academic and well known expertise in procedural law matters, Mr. Wils, together with his colleague Michael Albers, will make a significant contribution to maintaining the highest standards of procedural fairness in our cases." Mr. Wils was a Member of the Commission's Legal Service from 1994 until his appointment as Hearing Officer. He was educated both as an economist and as a lawyer at Louvain, Utrecht and Harvard, and is a former referendaire of Advocate General Van Gerven at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. As a member of the Legal Service, he has represented the Commission in more than 300 cases before the European Courts and the EFTA Court. He is a Visiting Professor at King’s College London and is the author of a variety of legal and economic publications. 
    See further: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/1114

    Killed by Code: Software Transparency in Implantable Medical Devices - Software Freedom Law Center  http://www.softwarefreedom.org/resources/2010/transparent-medical-devices.html

    Considerations on GPL Business Models - Oggcast - Software Freedom Law Center -- Show episode 0x14 August 18, 2009 [Get podcast in Ogg/Vorbis format] Bradley and Karen discuss a few different types of for-profit business models that are common around codebases licensed under the GPL. Running time: 00:30:45.  http://www.softwarefreedom.org/podcast/2009/aug/18/0x14/ 

    • Bradley mentioned Monty's blog post about the licensing of MySQL (01:10) 🇳🇱
    • Bradley pointed out that “dual licensing” is a misleading term for a proprietary relicensing business model, as discussed on the Your Questions podcast. (02:33)
    • Bradley mentioned that he'd been making money as an independent consultant, which he wrote about in 2001 during the original Microsoft attacks on the GPL. (04:42)
    • Bradley mentioned Cygnus Solutions as a good model of a Free Software, GPL-based company. (06:54)
    • Bradley also mentioned Codesourcery as another example of a good GPL-based company (13:24)
    • Bradley mentioned Dave Neary's talk at OSCON, Does Working with Free Software Have to Be So Hard? (23:52)


    Open standaarden en open source software bij de Rijksoverheid • 2011 • Algemene Rekenkamer | Eerste Kamer » https://www.eerstekamer.nl/behandeling/20110318/rapport_van_de_algemene_rekenkamer

    "OSI-approved licenses by name David Gutierrez & David Louie Gutierrez"» Open Source Initiative» Archived from the original on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.

    Enforceability of free/open source software licensing terms: A critical review of the global Case - 2011 - Law By Thanos K. Tsingos » https://conferences.ionio.gr/icil2011/download.php?f=papers/146-tsingos-abstract-en-v002.pdf


    Interview with John W. Eaton of GNU Octave

    by Joshua Gay — published Aug 31, 2012 — last modified Feb 14, 2018 04:50 PM — filed under: GPL-interview

    This is the first in a series of interviews the FSF's Licensing and Compliance team is doing with maintainers of free software projects who choose GNU licenses for their work.

    12 Years of FLOSS License Compliance: A Historical Perspective • 2012/01/21 • Bradley M. Kuhn » http://ebb.org/bkuhn/talks/SCALE-2012/compliance.html


    Legal aspects of free and open source software, European Parliament, JURI workshop, 9 July 2013, Compilation of briefing notes » Legal aspects of free and open source software, compilation of briefing notes for workshop » https://www.europarl.europa.eu/document/activities/cont/201307/20130708ATT69346/20130708ATT69346EN.pdf

    Interview with Frank Karlitschek of ownCloud — Free Software Foundation — Working together for free software by Joshua Gay — Published on Dec 20, 2013 04:17 PM » https://www.fsf.org/blogs/licensing/interview-with-frank-karlitschek-of-owncloud » This is the latest installment of our Licensing and Compliance Lab's series on free software developers who choose GNU licenses for their works.


    The integration of the open source software in the EU competition law. Master program in international business law. Supervisor: professor Pierre Larouche. Student: Belma Cabaravdic (U1243671). Tilburg, 31.1.2014. http://arno.uvt.nl/show.cgi?fid=133491

    FROM PROPRIETARY TO OPEN SOURCE, A CASE STUDY OF CITRIX XENSERVER Harm Roelof Pieters s1537687 - March 25, 2014 http://www.cs.rug.nl/~aiellom/tesi/pieters.pdf


    Licence Compatibility and Interoperability | Joinup 11/06/2015 https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/software/page/licence_compatibility_and_interoperability









    Vendome, Christopher, "Assisting Software Developers With License Compliance" (2018). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1550153779. http://dx.doi.org/10.21220/s2-xp8w-0w53 

    FOSS Network Infrastructure and Security/List of Abbreviations. (2018, August 3). Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. Retrieved 17:37, February 22, 2021 from https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=FOSS_Network_Infrastructure_and_Security/List_of_Abbreviations&oldid=3447917.

    FOSS Education. (2018, August 16). Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. Retrieved 17:42, February 22, 2021 from https://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=FOSS_Education&oldid=3450777.


    1. ^ "MySQL :: Commercial License for OEMs, ISVs and VARs"www.mysql.com. Retrieved 2019-09-11.

    Business models for open-source software — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/Business_models_for_open-source_software

     Commercial use of copyleft works — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/Commercial_use_of_copyleft_works

    List of formerly open-source software — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/List_of_formerly_open-source_software

    List of formerly proprietary software — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/List_of_formerly_proprietary_software


    Business models for open-source software — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/Commercial_open-source_applications

    Multi-licensing — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/Multi-licensing

    License compatibility — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 https://wiki2.org/en/License_compatibility 



    Brandpunt+ Autisme als verborgen goudmijn | | Autypisch 2020/05/02 https://autypisch.nl/2020/05/02/brandpunt-autisme-als-verborgen-goudmijn/




    Krowne, A. & Puzio, R. (2006). The fog of copyleft. First Monday. Retrieved from







    http://www.crid.be/pdf/public/7206.pdf Legal aspects of free and open source software in procurement: national case studies Philippe Laurent, University of Namur